Building Blocks of Home

Interior design is the abstract in the overall design of a space that is built by several concrete elements. The design does not just enhance the aesthetic sense but also provides an incredible human experience. A great design of elements radiates with real sense of joy and forming a welcoming surrounding. The core elements of interior design adds to the uniqueness and exquisite value to the space.


#1 Space

Space is the foundation on which the entire interior design plan is built. Hence, it is highly essential for the designer to have an accurate understanding and awareness of the space available that includes the dimensions and its utilities. Space is divided onto two types namely: 2-D and 3-D that encompass the length & breadth and length, breadth and height. The space is filled with essential furniture and décor maintaining the effective balance between the filled and empty space.

#2 Line 

Lines gives birth to form and shape. They direct the attention and are responsible to create the ambiance and contrast in a living space. Lines defines shapes and acts as a visual guide of an interior space. Lines are broadly classified into horizontal, vertical and angular types. The horizontal lines adorn structures like tables and chairs, vertical lines ornaments the windows, doorways and angular lines can be seen in the structures like stairs. The utilization of lines defines the form that makes it another important interior design element.

#3  Forms

Form is the outline of any 3-D object of the shape. Forms can be created by combining 2 or more shapes and can be accentuated incorporating the elements of texture, pattern and color. Forms have been classified into two types namely, Geometric and Organic. Like plant are included in the organic form whereas rooms are included under geometric form. Understanding of forms used in space is vital to achieve the desired feel of a space.

#4 Light

Light is the element that set in the mood and ambience into a living space and effectively highlights every other element of space, line and forms. Without light other elements of color, texture and pattern have no significance at all. Artificial lighting is broadly divided into three types –task lighting,accent lighting and mood lighting. Task light have defined purpose like for table and bed lamps, accent lights to highlight particular piece of artwork or structure. Mood or ambient lighting sets the mood of the living space and illuminate the overall space. Supplementing this, natural light is equally essential in any home that restores freshness, energizing the entire surrounding.

#5 Color

Color needs no special introduction, it establishes an aesthetic connection between objects and greatly contribute in setting the mood. Choice of color from a wide color palette is the most challenging task. Each color has three distinct characteristics of Hue,Value and Intensity.The correct choice of color multiplies the effectiveness of the overall design by meeting a space’s function. A careful arrangement of primary and secondary color, and strong and tamer intensity creates unity, contrast and interest.

#6 Texture

Texture deals with the surface and determines the surface looks and feels. It adds depth and interest into a living space and defines the appearance and consistency of the space. Texture includes the material of textile, wall paint or wall paper. Textures are broadly of two types visual texture provides the idea of what it would be like to touch something. Actual texture is what it actually feels to touch the surface of an object. A dominant texture defines the mood and a contrasting texture is also included to avoid monotony.

#7 Pattern

 Patterns add interest and life to interior design and work along with colors. Patterns tell a story of their own and add the elements of continuity and smooth transition in a living space. Patterns could be of any shape and mostly comprise of attractive and repetitive designs. Paisley, a design pattern which takes the shape of a droplet-shaped vegetable is one of the most commonly used patterns on wall paints, pillow covers and other decorative surfaces.

These elements provide a balance,rhythm, movement, variety and a structured surrounding filled with beauty and functionality. While there are no hard and fast rules for interior designing, one can keep these elements in mind when they decorate their home and get spectacular results!